The Gaza Post|The News of Palestine-West Bank
The annual report of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OCHA) states that the policies and practices of the occupation continue to be the main cause of humanitarian needs in the occupied Palestinian territory.
9,000 families have been displaced since the cessation of the Israeli aggression in 2014 .
The report explains why there is a humanitarian program in the occupied Palestinian territory,” said David Carden, director of the office. “The crisis is essentially not providing protection to Palestinian civilians from violence, displacement, access restrictions, livelihoods and other rights abuses. Bigger on the most vulnerable groups, especially children. ”
He pointed out that although the indicators vary from year to year, there remains a lack of protection and accountability for violations of international law.
According to the report, the number of Palestinian martyrs in the West Bank and “Israel” declined by 37% in 2016 compared to 2017 (107 vs. 169); the decrease in the number of deaths among Israelis was 48%, and the proportion of injuries among Palestinians by about 80% By 2015 (3,247 vs. 15,477), and the vast majority were registered in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem.
The forced displacement of Palestinians continued, and although there were no new displacements in the Gaza Strip, with the cease-fire continuing in August 2014 to a large extent, 9,000 families (47,200) remained displaced until the end of 2016.
In the West Bank, according to the report, the largest number of Palestinians in 2016 (1,601 people, including 759 children) had been displaced since OCHA began registering this phenomenon in 2009 due to the demolition of their homes by the Israeli occupation authorities.
The vast majority of the 1,094 buildings were damaged on the grounds that they did not obtain a building permit, which is impossible to obtain from the Israeli authorities. 29 buildings were demolished or closed to punish and targeted the homes of the families of the perpetrators of the attacks against Israelis.
According to the report, thousands of Palestinians in Area C and East Jerusalem are at risk of displacement or forced displacement due to coercive environmental conditions created by Israeli policies and practices, putting pressure on residents to force them to leave their communities.
Restrictions on Palestinian movement, access to basic services and humanitarian assistance continued throughout the Occupied Palestinian Territory, despite some easing of procedures.
The number of Palestinians allowed by the Israeli occupation authorities to leave Gaza in the second half of 2016 declined after rising after the hostilities in 2014, while the volume of products leaving the Gaza Strip increased significantly, the report said.
The isolation of the Gaza Strip has been exacerbated by the continued closure of the Rafah crossing by the Egyptian authorities. The crossing is open for only 44 days in 2016, compared to 32 days in 2015.
In the West Bank, the report noted that there were 572 obstacles to Palestinian movement in December 2016, as well as 110 other obstacles deployed inside the Israeli-controlled area of Hebron.
According to the report, the continued access of Palestinians to the land behind the Wall through 84 gates, including 65 gates, was opened only during the olive harvest season.
In 2016, humanitarian organizations continued to face a range of obstacles to their ability to provide humanitarian assistance. In 2016, Israeli restrictions on the entry and departure of local staff working for relief organizations increased to and from the Gaza Strip, Of the applications for permits to enter or exit Gaza, compared to an average of 4% in 2015.
“The Gaza Strip suffers from a special weakness, due to almost 10 years of siege, internal division and repeated conflict, as well as a lack of action to adopt measures that will solve chronic needs,” Cardin said.
In the West Bank, the number of incidents that hinder the movement and movement of United Nations and international organizations has increased compared with 2015 (211 versus 183), but still lower than in previous years.
Also in 2016, the occupation authorities demolished or confiscated 300 donor-funded buildings that provided humanitarian assistance to the Palestinians, almost three times the number in 2015, with a total of more than $ 730,000 American.
More than 100 additional structures were received with additional assistance; demolition orders, stop work, evacuation or verbal warnings, making them vulnerable to demolition.
Source:The Gaza Post