The Gaza Post|The News of Palestine-Afrin
Syrian Kurdistan,— Turkish air strikes pounded the Kurdish region of Afrin in Syrian Kurdistan (Rojava) on Tuesday and fighting raged on two fronts as Ankara pursued its offensive against the Kurdish enclave.
A monitoring group and Kurdish sources said Turkey’s air force had stepped up its raids on the 10th day of operation olive branch , which sees Turkey providing air and ground support to Ankara -backed Syrian opposition fighters, seen as mercenary fighters, in an offensive against Kurdish militia in northwestern Syria.
Ankara has pushed forward with the operation to force the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) from the region despite international concerns and reports of rising civilian casualties.
Turkey has cracked down on criticism of the operation and on Tuesday detained all the top members of the country’s main medical association, including its chief.
In reaction to the offensive, the Kurds were not attending peace talks Tuesday in the Russian city of Sochi, aimed at resolving Syria’s almost seven-year civil war.
Turkish jets were hitting Kurdish positions in the towns of Rajo and Jandairis, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitoring group said.
Syrian rebels backed by Turkey “were engaged in fierce battles against Kurdish forces” in the two towns, said Rami Abdel Rahman, the head of the Britain-based Observatory, which uses a network of sources to monitor Syria’s war.
“Turkey’s aerial campaign against Afrin has escalated since Monday,” he added.
A spokesman for the YPG, which Ankara considers a “terror” group, said the strikes had been relentless.
“Since yesterday, the bombardment by Turkish aircraft has not stopped in some areas,” said Brusk Hasakeh.
It was unclear how many civilians remained in Rajo and Jandairis as many had already fled to Afrin town, the capital of the district.
Hundreds at mass funeral
An AFP journalist on Tuesday heard consecutive strikes hitting areas surrounding the Kurdish Afrin town.
The Observatory says at least 67 civilians have been killed since the start of the operation on January 20. Turkey strongly rejects such claims, saying it is doing everything possible to avoid civilian casualties in the operation.
At least 85 YPG militiamen have died, the Observatory says, as have 81 fighters from the rebel groups fighting with Turkish backing.
Turkey says seven of its soldiers have been killed.
Turkish state-run news agency Anadolu reported on Tuesday that two villages in the Afrin region had been “cleared” of the YPG.
Turkey and allied forces have made gains in the offensive and on Sunday seized control of Mount Barsaya, a strategically important high point near the town of Afrin.
A Turkish military convoy of dozens of vehicles crossed the border overnight, the Observatory said.
It initially headed towards an area south of Afrin but was forced to change course after forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad’s regime opened fire on the road it took to block its way.
A car bomb attack targeted the convoy, killing one civilian, and wounding one Turkish soldier and another civilian, the Turkish military said in a statement.
Turkish relations with the United States have soured over Ankara’s stance on the YPG — which Ankara says is a “terrorist” offshoot of Turkey’s Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK).
United States regards the Democratic Union Party (PYD) and its powerful military wing YPG/YPJ, as key ally against Islamic State and the most effective fighting force against IS in Syria and has provided them with arms, air support as well as the military advisers.
The YPG, which has over 60,000 fighters, has seized swathes of Syria from IS.
Ankara, which still denies the constitutional existence of its own Kurds numbering to 22.5 million , fears the creation of a Kurdish autonomous region or Kurdish state in Syrian Kurdistan could encourage separatism amongst its own Kurds.
The YPG has received support from the United States, with its fighters spearheading the battle against the Islamic State group across swathes of Syria.
Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has threatened to expand the offensive against the YPG to other Kurdish areas including Manbij, east of Afrin.
Speaking at a meeting of lawmakers from his ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), Erdogan said Tuesday: “We will not stop until we eliminate the terror threat from our border.”
Members of the Turkish Medical Association (TTB) were arrested after the organisation issued a statement saying that “war is a man-made public health problem”.
The talks in Sochi were been delayed by several hours as Moscow struggled to bring together key players.
Syria’s main opposition group, like the Kurds, said they would boycott the event, and last-minute wrangling was under way to bring others to the table.
Few expect the congress, co-sponsored by Russia, Iran and Turkey, to make much progress in ending Syria’s civil war, which has killed more than 340,000 people and devastated the country since breaking out in 2011.
The conflict was also still raging in the northern province of Idlib, where the Observatory said at least another 14 people were killed in regime air strikes Tuesday, eight of them civilians.
In the village of Saraqeb on Monday, 16 people were killed and a hospital supported by Doctors Without Borders (MSF) hit by two strikes, in an attack the medical aid group condemned.
“The fact that this attack occurred on a facility while it was treating incoming patients is particularly egregious,” said Luis Montiel, MSF’s head of mission in northern Syria.
In 2013, the Democratic Union Party (PYD) — the political branch of the powerful People’s Protection Units (YPG) — has establish three autonomous Cantons of Jazeera, Kobani and Afrin and a Kurdish government across Syrian Kurdistan in 2013.